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February 2016 Archives


The crime of trespassing in Virginia prohibits entering the land of another after having previously been forbidden from doing so. Va. Code 18.2-119 says that "if any person without authority of law goes upon or remains upon the lands, buildings or premises of another, or any portion or area thereof, after having been forbidden to do so, either orally or in writing, by the owner, lessee, custodian or other person lawfully in charge thereof"...he or she is guilty of trespassing." Many people are surprised to learn that trespassing is a Class 1 one misdemeanor punishable by up to twelve months in jail and/or a $2,500 fine.


DUI or DWI Standardized Field Sobriety Test: What is it?

Anyone who has had the unfortunate experience of being suspected of DUI or DWI has likely been asked to perform a number of field sobriety tests by the police.  The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has created the Standardized Field Sobriety Test (SFST) Battery to assist officers in determining whether an individual is under the influence of alcohol.  The SFST Battery consists of three tests: (1) the Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus Test; (2) the Walk and Turn Test; and (3) the One-Leg Stand Test.  While officers often use additional tests in their determinations for DUI or DWI, these are the three main tests approved by NHTSA.

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